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Provence



Bibliography.

1. Saige, Gustave. Documents historiques antérieurs au quinzième siècle relatifs à la seigneurie de Monaco et à la maison de Grimaldi (Monaco : 1905).
2. Albanès, Joseph-Hyacinthe. Gallia christiana novissima. Histoire des archevêchés, évêques et abbayes de France (Valence : Valentinoise, 1899-1920, 7 vols).
3. Albanès, Joseph-Hyacinthe. Le couvent royal de Saint-Maximin en Provence de l'ordre des Frères prêcheurs (Marseille : E. Camoin, 1880).
4. Rostan, Louis. Cartulaire municipal de Saint-Maximin suivi de documents puisés dans les archives de cette ville (Paris : H. Plon, 1862).
5. Mas Latrie, Louis de. Traités de paix et de commerce et documents divers concernant les relations des Chrétiens avec les Arabes de l'Afrique septentrionale au Moyen âge (Paris : H. Plon, 1866; Supplément et tables Paris : J. Baur : Détaille, 1872).
6. Saige, Gustave, Labande, Léon-Honoré. Documents historiques relatifs aux seigneuries de Menton, Roquebrune et la Turbie du onzième au scizième siècle (Monaco : 1909).
7. Bruguier-Roure, L. Cartulaire de l'œuvre des église, maison, pont et hôpitaux du Saint-Esprit (1265-1791) [Mémoires de l'Académie de Nîmes, VII série, tome XII. Année 1889].
8. Revue des etudes juives (Paris : 1880-).
9. Mélanges historiques : choix de documents (Paris : Imprimerie nationale, 1873-) [Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France].
10. Ordonnances des rois de France de la troisième race (Paris : Impr. royale, 1723-1850; 22 vols.).
11. Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes (1839-).
12. Mémoires de l'académie de Vaucluse (Avignon : F. Seguin).
13. Méry, Louis; Guindon, François. Histoire analytique et chronologique des actes et des deliberations du corps et du conseil de la municipalite de Marseille (Marseille : Feissat Aîné et Demonchy, 1841-1848).
14. Ripert-Monclar, François, marquis de. Bullaire des indulgences concédées avant 1431 à l'oeuvre du pont d'Avignon par les Souverains Pontifes (Monaco : Impr. de Monaco, 1912).
15. Neve, Joseph. Antoine de la salle, sa vie et ses ouvrages d'après des documents inédits (Paris; Bruxelles : 1903).
16. Deslandres, Paul. L'ordre des trinitaires pour le rachat des captifs (Toulouse; Paris : 1903).
17. Recueil général des anciennes lois françaises depuis l'an 420 jusqu'à la Révolution de 1789 (Paris : Belin-Le-Prieur : Verdiere, 1821).
18. Bulletin de la Société scientifique et littéraire des Basses-Alpes (Digne).
19. Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences lettres et beaux arts de Marseille (Marseille).
20. Vaccarone, Louisi. Le Pertuis du Viso : Étude historique d'après des documents inédits conservés aux archives nationales de Turin (Turin : 1881).
21. Faillon, Etienne Michel. Monuments inédits sur l'apostolat de Sainte Marie-Madeleine en Provence (Paris : J.P. Migne, 1865; 2 vols.).
22. Valois, Noël. La France et le grand schisme d'Occident (Paris : A. Picard, 1896; 2 vols.).
23. Germain, Alexandre. Histoire de la commune de Montpellier (Montpellier : 1851-)
24. Bertano, Lorenzo. Storia di Cuneo: medio evo (1198-1382) (Cuneo : Pietro Oggero, 1898).
25. Pfeffel von Kriegelstein, Christian Friedrich. Recherches historiques concernant les droits du pape sur la ville et l’État d’Avignon (Paris : Volland, 1790).
26. Caillemer, Robert. Les débuts de la science du droit en Provence, Johannes Blancus Massiliensins (Valence : impr. Valentinoise : 1907).
27. Giudice, Guiseppe del. Codice diplomatico del regno di Carlo I e II d'Angiò (Napoli : 1863-1902, 3 vols).
28. Sternfeld, Richard. Karl von Anjou als Graf der Provence, 1245-1265 (Berlin : Gaertner, 1888) [Historische Untersuchungen; Heft X].
29. Le Long, Nicolas. Histoire ecclésiastique et civile du diocèse de Laon et de tout le pays contenu entre l'Oise et la Meuse, l'Aisne et la Sambre (Châlons : Seneuze, 1783).
30. Achery, Lucas d'. Spicilegium, sive Collectio veterum aliquot scriptorum qui in Galliae bibliothecis (Paris : 1655–1677)
31. Storia delle Alpi marittime di Pietro Gioffredo, libri XXVI (Augusta Taurinorum : 1839) [Historiae patriae Monumenta: edita iussu Regis Caroli Alberti. Scriptorum; IV].






Geographical names.

Achaea -> Achaia (Peloponnesus, Greece);
Anjou -> Andegavia (France);
Maine -> Cenomania (France);
Lorraine [the Upper Lorraine] -> Lothringen;






The County of Provence

Overview.

After the division of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century, Provence became a part of the Kingdom of Arles / Burgundy.

In 1112, Countess Douce I of Provence married Raymond-Berengar III, Count of Barcelona, and their descendants, the Catalan Dynasty, ruled Provence until 1246.

In 1246, Beatrice (+1267), the daughter and heiress of Count Raymond-Berengar IV Provence & Forcalquier, married Charles I (+1285), a son of King Louis VIII of France.
In 1246, King Louis IX of France, Charles' brother, granted him the County of Anjou.

In 1266, Provence united with Naples when Charles I conquered Kingdom of Sicily with Naples. (In 1282, Charles I lost Sicily and retained Naples only).

In 1290, Charles II (+1309), King of Naples and Count of Provence, a son of Charles I and Beatrice, ceded Anjou to Charles of France (+1325), Count of Valois, who married Margaret (+1299), a daughter of Charles II.

In 1382, after the death of Queen Joan I of Naples, there was a war for her inheritance between Charles "the Short" of Durazzo (+1386) and Louis I of France (+1384), Duke of Anjou, Joan I's adopted son. Louis I retained the Counties of Provence and Forcalquier, Charles "the Short" and his children kept the Kingdom of Naples. Louis I and his descendants did not give up their claims to the Crown of Naples and made several unsuccessful attempts to re-conquer the Kingdom of Naples.

After the death of René "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence, Anjou was included to the French royal domain, Provence with Forcalquier passed to his nephew Charles of Anjou(+1481), Count of Maine, despite the claims of Yolande, a daughter of René "the Good".
(Yolande’s claims passed to her son René II, Duke of Lorraine, and then his male descendants who kept the title of Count of Provence until Emperor Francis II of the Romans gave up it in 1804).
In 1481, after the death of Charles of Anjou, Provence and Forcalquier passed to King Louis XI of France (King Louis XI of France was a grandson of Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence).

In 1486, Provence and Forcalquier were definitively incorporated into France.

Provence continued to exist as a separate territorial unit until the introduction of a new territorial division of France in 1789.






--- the 12th cenury-1209

Count & Margrave of Provence;

@ Samples:

(Aug 1166) [14: p.110; Doc.# LXXXIV]
< Raymund-Berengar II (+1166), Count of Provence 1162 >
ego Raimundus Berengarii, comes Provincie

(July 1173) [14: p.116; Doc.# LXXXIX]
< Raymund-Berengar III (+1181), Count of Provence 1172 >
ego, Ramundus, Dei gratia comes et marchio Provintia

(Apr 1178) [14: p.126-127; Doc.# XCVI]
ego, Raymundus Berengarii, gracia Dei comes et marchio Provincia

(Aug 1181) [14: p.138; Doc.# CV]
< Sancho (+1223), Count of Provence [1181-1185; 1196-1217], of Cerdagne, of Roussillon >
ego, Sanxius, Dei gratia comes et marchio Provincie

(Nov 1200) [14: p.169; Doc.# CXXXII]
< Alphonse II (+1209), Count of Provence [1189-1193; 1196-1209];
~ 1193 Gersende (+1218), Countess of Forcalquier >
ego, Ildefonsus, Dei gratia comes et marchio Provincie






--- 1209-1246

Notes:
In 1209, after the death of Count Alphonse II of Provence, his son Raymund-Berengar IV (+1245), was imprisoned in a castle in Aragon until he was able to escape in 1219 and claim his inheritance.

Count & Margrave of Provence;
Count of Forcalquier;

@ Added:

- Forcalquier
Raymund-Berengar IV (+1245), Count of Provence, united Forcalquier as a son of Gersende (+1218), Countess of Forcalquier.

@ Samples:

(Jan 1218, o.s.) [14: p.192; Doc.# CXLIX]
< Raymund-Berengar IV (+1245), Count of Provence 1209 >
Nos Raimundus Berengarius, Dei gratia comes et marchio Provincie et
comes Forcalquerii

(Sep 1229) [14: p.245; Doc.# CLXXV]
nos Raimundus Berengarius, Dei gratia comes et marchio Provincie et
comes Forcalquerii

(July 1241) [28: p.263; Doc.# 2]
Nos Raimundus Berengarius dei gratia comes et marchio Provinciae et
comes Furcalquerii

(Oct 1245) [31: p.563-564]
< Beatrice (+1267), Countess of Provence 1245; ~ 1246 Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou 1246; King of Sicily 1266 >
B. iuvenis Dei gratia comitissa et Marchionissa Provinciae et
Forcalquerii Comitissa

(Feb 1246, o.s.) [31: p.565-566]
nos Karolus Dei gratia Comes et Marchio Provinciae et
Comes Forcalquerii

@ Samples [Regents]:

(Jan 1219, o.s.) [14: p.205; Doc.# CLIV]
nos, G., Dei gratia comitissa Provincie et Forcalquerii, et
mater et tutrix R.Berengarii, comitis Provincie






--- 1246-1253 ( Beatrice & Charles I )

Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier;
Margrave of Provence;

@ Added:

- [1246] Anjou
King Louis IX of France, gave Anjou to his brother Charles, a husband if Beatice (+1267), Countess of Provence (1246).

@ Samples:

(Aug 1252) [26: p.13-14]
< Beatrice (+1267), Countess of Provence 1245; ~ 1246 Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou 1246; King of Sicily 1266 >
Nos Karolus, filius regis Francie,
comes Andegavie et Provincie et Forc(alquerii) et
marchio Provincie, et
nos Beatrix uxor eiusdem comitis, eorumdem comitatuum comitissa et marchion(issa).






--- 1253-1256 ( Beatrice & Charles I )

Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier, Hainaut;
Margrave of Provence;

@ Added:

- Hainaut
Charles, Count of Anjou, Provence, etc., accepted the County of Hainaut from Margaret, Countess of Flanders, and Hainaut, who needed his assistance in her struggle with the German King William of Holland (1253).

@ Samples:

(1255) [23: tome II; Doc.# XLVI; p.519]
< Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou 1246; King of Sicily 1266; ~ (1) 1246 Beatrice(+1267), Countess of Provence; ~ (2) 1268 Margaret of Burgundy (+1308), Countess of Tonnerre >
Nos Karolus, filius regis Francorum,
Andegavie, Provincie, Forcalquerii et Haynoie comes, et
marchio Provincie






--- 1256-1266 ( Beatrice & Charles I )

Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier;
Margrave of Provence;

@ Removed:

- [1256] Hainaut
In 1254, King Louis IX of France, returned from captivity and rescinded the Hainaut arrangement; Charles, Count of Anjou, returned Hainaut to Margaret (1356).

@ Samples:

(Aug 1257) [27: volume I (1863); p.LXVII; Doc.# IV]
< Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou 1246; King of Sicily 1266; ~ (1) 1246 Beatrice(+1267), Countess of Provence; ~ (2) 1268 Margaret of Burgundy (+1308), Countess of Tonnerre >
Nos Karolus filius Regis Francie Comes Andegavie et Provincie et Forcalquerii et
Marchio Provincie

(Nov 1259) [24: p.353; Doc.# 644]
Karolus, filius regis Francie,
Andegavie, Provincie et Forqualquerii comes, et
marchio Provincie






--- 1266-1277 ( Charles I )

King of Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia, the Principality of Capua;
Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier

@ Added:

- [1266] Sicily, Apulia, Capua
The Pope bestowed the Kingdom of Naples (Sicily) to Count Charles I, who soon conquered the Kingdom (1266).

@ Removed:

- Provence ( Margraviate )






--- 1277-1285 ( Charles I )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia, the Principality of Capua;
Prince of Achaea;
Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier, Tonnerre;

@ Added:

- [1277] Jerusalem
Mary of Antioch, who claimed the Crown of Jerusalem, ceded her rights to Count Charles I (1277).

- Tonnerre
Margaret I of Burgundy (+1308), the 2nd wife of Count Charles I (+1285), received the County of Tonnerre as a share in the inheritance of her mother Mathilde II of Dampierre (+1262), Countess of Nevers.

- Achaea
According to the agreement made in 1267 King Charles I inherited the Principality of Achaea after the death of Prince William of Villehardouin who left no sons (1278).

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Sep 1279) [2: tome III (Arles); p.525; Doc.# 1306]
< Charles II (+1309), Count of Provence 1285, of Anjou [1285-1290]; King of Naples & Count of Provence 1285; Prince of Achaea [1285-1289] >
Nos Karolus, regis Jerusalem et Sicilie primogenitus,
princeps Salerni et
honoris Montis S.Angeli dominus






--- 1285-1290 ( Charles II )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia, the Principality of Capua;
Prince of Achaea;
Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier;

@ Removed:

- Tonnerre
The union of Naples and Tonnerre ended with the death of King Charles I (1285).

@ Samples:

(Mar 1290, n.s.) [2: tome I (Aix, Apt, Frejus, Gap, Riez & Sisteron); p.137; Doc.# XIV]
< Charles II (+1309), Count of Provence 1285, of Anjou [1285-1290]; King of Naples & Count of Provence 1285; Prince of Achaea [1285-1289] >
Karolus, Dei gracia Jerusalem et Sicilie rex, ducatus Apulie, principatus Capue et
princeps Achaie,
Andegavie, Provincie et Forchalquerii comes






--- 1290-1306 ( Charles II )

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier;

@ Removed:

- [1290] Anjou
King Charles II ceded Anjou to his son-in-law Charles of France, Count of Valois (1290).

- Achaea
King Charles II ceded the Principality of Achaea to Isabella, the daughter of former Prince William of Villehardouin. She was to recognize Charles II's suzerainty (1289).

@ Samples:

(Feb 1294, n.s.) [6: p.95; Doc.# XLIX]
< Charles II (+1309), Count of Provence 1285, of Anjou [1285-1290]; King of Naples & Count of Provence 1285; Prince of Achaea [1285-1289] >
Karolus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem, Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forcalquerii comes

(Oct 1301) [2: tome III (Arles); p.570; Doc.# 1407]
Karolus secundus Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forchalquerii comes

(June 1305) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.228; Doc.# 403]
Karolus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forchalquerii comes






--- 1306-1381

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Added:

- [1306] Piedmont
Charles II of Anjou (+1309), King of Naples, accepted the title of Count of Piedmont (1306).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1307) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.220; Doc.# 379]
< Charles II (+1309), Count of Provence 1285, of Anjou [1285-1290]; King of Naples & Count of Provence 1285; Prince of Achaea [1285-1289] >
Karolus secundus Dei gratia rex Jherusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forchalquerii ac Pedimontis comes

(Apr 1321) [3: p.14; Doc.# X]
< Robert I (+1343), King of Naples & Count of Provence 1309 >
Robertus, Dei gratia rex Jherusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forcalquerii ac Pedimontis comes

(Apr 1349) [6: p.286; Doc.# CXIII]
< Joan I (+1382) Queen of Naples & Countess of Provence [1343-1381]; ~(1) 1343 Andrew of Hungary (+1345); ~(2) Aug 1346 Louis of Anjou-Tarente (+1362); ~(3) 1363 James III (+1375), titular King of Majorca; ~ (4) 1376 Otto (+1399), Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen >
Ludovicus et Johanna, Dei gracia rex et regina Jerusalem et Sicillie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
Provincie et Forchalquerii ac Pedemontis comites

(Oct 1377) [8: tome XXXVIII; # 75; 1899; p.275; Doc.# II]
Johanna, Dei gracia regina Iherusalem et Sicillie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue
Provincie et Forcalquerii ac Pedimontis comitissa

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Mar 1356, o.s.) [4: p.83]
< Philip II (+1374), Prince of Tarento & titular Emperor of Constantinople 1364 >
Philippus de Tarento
clare memorie illustris domini principis Tarenti filius,
in comitatibus Provincie et Forcalquerii regius et reginalis vicarius generalis






>>> --- 1381-1384 ( Charles "the Short" of Durazzo )

Notes:
1. Joan I, Queen of Naples & Countess of Provence nominated as her heir "the Short" of Durazzo (+1386), who had married her niece Margaret. When, in 1380, Joan I married Duke Otto of Brunswick, Charles "the Short", discontented with this marriage, took part against her, and she in her turn disinherited him and named Duke Louis I of Anjou, as her eventual successor.
In 1381, Pope Urban VI declared Joan I, Queen of Naples and Countess of Provence, dethroned in and gave her possessions to Charles "the Short" of Durazzo (+1386), who made the Queen prisoner at Naples, and, in 1382, put her to death. Duke Louis I of Anjou, was able to take Provence from Charles after winning a war, in which some cities supported him and other his rival.

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Samples:

(Apr 1384) [6: p.344; Doc.# CXL]
< Charles III "the Short" (+ Feb 1386), Duke of Durazzo & Slavonia; King of Naples 1382, of Hungary 1385; Count of Provence 1381/1382 >
Karolus tercius Dei gratia rex Jerusalem, Sicilie,
Provincie et Forcalqueri ac Pedimontis comes






--- 1382-1384 ( Louis I of Anjou )

@ Added:

- [1382] Anjou, Touraine, Maine
Louis I (+1384), Duke of Anjou and Touraine, Count of Maine, became Count of Provence (1382).

Notes:
Isabella, Countess of Roucy, the wife of Louis of Namur, sold the County of Roucy to Louis I, Duke of Anjou and Count of Provence (1383) [29: p.430].
By arrest of 1390 the County of Roucy passed to Count Simon of Braine [29: p.430].

@ Samples:

(Aug 1383) [22: tome II; p.63f]
< Louis I (+1384) Count (1360 Duke ) of Anjou 1356, of Touraine 1370; Count of Maine 1356, of Provence 1382; >
Ludovicus, Dei gratia rex Jherusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie, principatus Capue,
dux Andegavie et Turonie,
comitatuum Provincie, Forcalquerii, Cenomannie et Pedemontis comes






--- 1384-1409

-- the 1st form

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;
Duke of Anjou;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont, Roucy;

@ Removed:

- [1384] Touraine
Louis I (+1384), Duke of Anjou, received the Duchy of Touraine for his lifetime, and after his death it returned to the French royal domain .

@ Samples:

(Sep 1392) [30: tomus IX (1669); p.290; Doc.# XLVIII]
< Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1384 >
Ludovicus secundus Dei gratiâ Rex Jerusalem & Siciliæ, Ducatus Apuliæ & Principatûs Capuæ,
Dux Andegaviæ,
Comitatuum Provinciæ & Forcalquerii, Cenomaniæ, Pedemontis ac Rontiaci Comes

(Dec 1400) [4: p.140]
Ludovicus secundus Dei gracia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie, Pedemontis et Ronciaci comes

(Oct 1402) [21: tome II; p.1023-1024; Doc.# 173]
< Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence, Maine 1384 >
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ, principatus Capuæ;
dux Andegaviæ;
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Pedemontis ac Rouciaci comes

(Apr 1404) [8: tome XXXVIII; # 75; 1899; p.279; Doc.# V]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gracia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie, principatus Capue,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie, Pedimontis et Ronciacii comes



-- the 2nd form

King of Jerusalem, Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia;
Duke of Anjou;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont, Roucy;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1400) [8: tome XXXVIII; # 75; 1899; p.278; Doc.# IV]
< Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1384 >
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, Ducatus Apulie,
Dux Andegavie,
comictatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie et Pedemontis comes

(Oct 1402) [21: tome II; p.1029-1030; Doc.# 175]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
dux Andegaviæ;
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Pedemontis ac Ronciaci comes

(May 1407) [15: p.249-250; Doc.# I]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia Rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie,
dux Andegavie,
comitatum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie, Pedemontis ac Roncyaci comes

(July 1409) [31: p.1003-1004]
Ludovicus II Dei gratia Rex Ierusalem et Siciliae, Ducatus Apuliae,
Dux Andegauia et
Comitatuum Pravinciae et Forcalquerii, Cenomaniae, Pedemontis ac Rouciaci Comes

@ Samples [Regents]:

(Nov 1387) [21: tome II; p.1013-1014; Doc.# 170]
< Mary of Châtillon-Blois (+1404), a daughter of Charles, Duke of Brittany; ~ 1360 Louis I (+1384), Duke of Anjou; Count of Provence 1382; >
Maria, Dei gratia regina Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
duchissa Andegaviæ,
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Cenomaniæ, Pedemontis et Rouciacy comitissa,
bajula, tutrix et administratrix illustris charissimi nati nostri Ludovici, eadem gratia regnorum regis, ducatuum ducis, et comitatuum comitis

(Feb 1395, n.s.) [21: tome II; p.1017-1018; Doc.# 171]
Maria, Dei gratia, regina Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
duchissa Andegaviæ,
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Cenomaniæ, Pedemontis et Ronciaci comitissa,
bajula, tutrix et administratrix illustris charissimi nati nostri Ludovici , eadem gratia regnorum regis, ducatuum ducis, et comitatuum comitis






--- 1409-1422

King of Jerusalem, Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia;
Duke of Anjou;
Count of the Counties of Maine, Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Removed:

- Roucy

@ Samples:

(Dec 1409) [7: p.401; Doc.# CXLV]
< Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1384 >
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie et Pedymontis comes

(Nov 1411) [21: tome II; p.1033-1034; Doc.# 176]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
dux Andegaviæ;
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(Feb 1413, n.s.) [3: p.22; Doc.# XV]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomaniæ et Pedemontis comes

(May 1416) [21: tome II; p.1025-1026; Doc.# 174]
Ludovicus secundus, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
dux Andegaviæ;
comitatuum Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

@ Samples [Regents]:

(Dec 1418) [11: tome LXV (1904); p.328-329; Doc.# II]
< Yolande (+1443), Duchess of Touraine; a daughter of John I, King of Aragon; ~ 1400 Louis II (+1417), Duke of Anjou,Count of Provence 1384 >
Yolans, Dei gratia, regina Jherusalem et Sicilie, ducatus Apulie,
ducissa Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie, Forcalquerii, Cenomanensis ac Pedemontis comitissa,
bajula, tutrix, administratrix et gubernatrix illustris precarissimi filii nostri
Ludovici tercii, eadem gracia dictorum regnorum regis, ducatuum ducis et comitis comitatuum predictorum

(Nov 1422) [21: tome II; p.1081-1082; Doc.# 189]
Yolans, Dei gratia, regina Jherusalem et Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ,
ducissa Andegaviæ,
comitatuum Provinciæ, Forcalquerii, Cenomaniæ ac Pedemontis comitissa,
bajula, rectrix et administratrix illustris precærissimi primogeniti nostri
Ludovici tertii, eadem gratia regnorum regis, ducatuum ducis et comitis comitatuum, prædictorum






--- 1422-1432

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Duke of Anjou;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont;

@ Removed:

- Apulia

@ Samples:

(July 1424) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.422; Doc.# 706]
< Louis III (+1434), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1417 >
Ludovicus tertius, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(June 1426) [2: tome I (Aix, Apt, Frejus, Gap, Riez & Sisteron); p.338; Doc.# LXXIII]
Ludovicus tertius, Dei gratia rex Jerusalem et Sicilie,
dux Andegavie,
comitatuumque Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(June 1427) [15: p.253-254; Doc.# III]
Ludovicus Tercius, Dei gracia rex Jherusalem et Sicilie,
Dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii Cenomanie ac Pedemontis Comes

(Oct 1432) [15: p.259; Doc.# VI]
Ludovicus Tercius, Dei gracia Rex Jerusalem et Sicilie,
Dux Andegavie,
comitatuum Provincie.Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis Comes

@ Samples [Governors]:

(May 1425) [4: p.65; Doc.# LIX]
< Charles of Anjou (+1472), Count of Provence 1480, of Maine 1442/1444, of Gien, of Mortain, of Guise >
Karolus illustris principis domini mei
Ludovici tercii, regis Jerusalem et Sicilie, ducatuum Apulie et Andegavie ducis,
comitatuum Provincie et Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comitis,
germanus ejusque in dictis comitatibus et terris eis adjacentibus, generalis locumtenens






--- 1432-1434 ( Louis III )

Duke of Anjou, Calabria;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont;

@ Replaced:

- Jerusalem, Sicily with Calabria
Duke Louis III (+1434) recognized Joan II (+1482) as Queen of Naples. She adopted Louis, made him the heir to the Crown of Naples, and gave him the Duchy of Calabria.

@ Samples:

(Apr 1433) [2: tome III (Arles); p.1283; Doc.# 3337]
< Louis III (+1434), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1417 >
Ludovicus tercius Dei gracia rex, ac
serenissime principisse, et domine, dne Johanne secunde Dei gracia Hungarie, Jherusalem, Sicilie, etc. regine filius unicus,
suusque in prefeto Sicilie regno heres et successor,
Calabrie, et Andegavie dux, et
Provincie, et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie, et Pedemontis comes






--- 1434-1435 ( René "the Good" )

Duke of Anjou, Calabria, Bar, Lorraine;
Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont;

@ Added:

- [1334] Bar, Lorraine, Pont-à-Mousson
René I "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Lorraine, Bar, & Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson, succeeded his brother Louis III (1434).






--- 1435-1442 ( René "the Good" )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Duke of Anjou, Bar, Lorraine;
Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Maine, Piedmont;

@ Replaced:

- [1435] Calabria with Jerusalem, Sicily
René "the Good" (+1480) succeeded Queen Joan II of Naples (1435).

@ Samples:

(Mar 1437, o.s.) [4: p.141]
< René "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1434; King of Naples; ~(1) 1420 Isabella (+1453), Duchess of Lorraine 1431; >
Renatus Dei gratia Jerusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie, Barri et Lotharingie dux,
Pontis marchio,
comitatuumque Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(Mar 1438, n.s.) [12: série 2e; tome III (1903); p.75; Doc.# 1]
Renatus Dei gratia Jherusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie, Barri et Lothoringie dux,
Pontis marchio,
comitatuumque Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(Oct 1439) [3: p.53; Doc.# XXVIII]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie, Barri et Lothoringie dux,
Pontis marchio,
Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes

(Mar 1442, o.s.) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.446; Doc.# 744]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jherusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie et Barri et Lothoringie dux,
Pontis marchio,
comitatuumque Provincie et Forcalquerii, Cenomanie ac Pedemontis comes






--- 1442-1453 ( René "the Good" )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Duke of Anjou, Bar, Lorraine;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Removed:

- Maine
René "the Good" (+1480) ceded the County of Maine to his brother Charles (+1472) (1441).

- Pont-à-Mousson
Duke René (+1480) ceded the Margraviate of Pont-à-Mousson to his son Louis.

@ Samples:

(Oct 1444) [21: tome II; p.1131-1134; Doc.# 204]
< René "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Anjou & Count of Provence 1434; King of Naples; ~(1) 1420 Isabella (+1453), Duchess of Lorraine 1431; >
Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem et Siciliæ rex,
Andegaviæ, Barri et Lothoringiæ dux,
Pontis marchio,
Provinciæ, Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes

(Sep 1447) [12: série 2e; tome III (1903); p.85; Doc.# 3]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jherusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie et Barri et Lothoringie dux,
Provincie et Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes

(June 1448) [15: p.259; Doc.# VI]
Renatus, Dei gracia Jerusalem et Sicilie rex,
Andegavie, Barri et Lotharingie dux,
comitatuumque Provincie, Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes






--- 1453-1466 ( René "the Good" )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Duke of the Duchies of Anjou, Bar;
Count of the Counties of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Removed:

-[1453] Lorraine
After the death his wife of Isabella (+1453), René I "the Good", gave Lorraine to their son John (+1470) (1453).

@ Samples:

(June 1458) [21: tome II; p.1157-1159; Doc.# 211]
< René "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Anjou 1434; Count of Provence, of Maine; King of Naples; ~(1) 1420 Isabella (+1453), Duchess of Lorraine 1431; >
Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem et Siciliæ rex et
ducatuum Andegaviæ et Barri dux,
comitatuumque Provinciæ et Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes

(May 1460) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.473; Doc.# 786]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem et Sicilie rex,
ducatuum Andegavie et Barri dux,
comitatuumque Provincie et Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes

(Sep 1461) [15: p.268; Doc.# IX]
René, par la grace de Dieu, Roy de Jherusalem et de Sicile,
duc d'Anjou et de Bar,
comte de Prouvence, de Forcalquier et de Piémont

(1464) [21: tome II; p.1157-1159; Doc.# 211]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem et Siciliæ rex et
ducatuum Andegaviæ et Barri dux,
comitatuumque Provinciæ et Forcalquerii ac Pedemontis comes






--- 1466-1480 ( René "the Good" )

King of Jerusalem, Aragon, both Sicilies, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica;
Duke of the Duchies of Anjou, Bar;
Count of the Counties of Barcelona, Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont;

@ Replaced:

- [1466] Sicily with Aragon, both Sicilies, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica, Barcelona
The Catalans, who rebelled against King John II of Aragon, invited René "the Good" (+1480) to accept the Crown of Aragon (1466). René "the Good" was a grandson of King John I of Aragon.

@ Samples:

(May 1467) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.484; Doc.# 801]
< René "the Good" (+1480), Duke of Anjou 1434; Count of Provence, of Maine; King of Naples, of Aragon; ~(1) 1420 Isabella (+1453), Duchess of Lorraine 1431; >
René par grace de Dieu Roy de Jherusalem, de Sicile, d'Arragon, de l'isle de Sicile, de Valance, Mailhorques, Sardaigne, et Corsegue,
duc d'Anjou, de Bar, etc.,
conte de Barcellonne, de Prouvence, de Forcalquer, de Pimont, etc.

(July 1470) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.477; Doc.# 791]
Renatus, Dei gratia rex Jherusalem, Aragonum, utriusque Sicilie, Valencie, Majoricarum, Sardinie et Corsice,
ducatuumque Andegavie et Barri, etc. dux,
comitatuumque Barchinonie, Provincie et Forcalquerii, ac Pedemontis, etc. comes

(Jan 1474, n.s.) [3: p.66; Doc.# XXXIV]
Renatus, Dei gratia Jherusalem, Arragonum, utriusque Sicilie, Valentie, Majoricarum, Sardinie et Corsice rex,
ducatuum Andegavie et Barri dux,
comitatuumque Barchinonie, Provincie et Forcalquerii, ac Pedemontis comes

(Jan 1479, n.s.) [21: tome II; p.1197-1198; Doc.# 223]
Nos Renatus, Dei gratia Jerusalem, utriusque Siciliæ, Arragonum, Valentiæ, Majoricarum, Sardiniæ et Corsicæ rex,
ducatuum Andegaviæ et Barri dux,
comitatuumque Barchinoniæ, Provinciæ et Forcalquerii, ac Pedemontis comes






--- 1480-1481 ( Charles of Maine )

@ Replaced:

- Anjou with Maine, Guise, Mortain, Gien, ...
Charles of Anjou (+1481), Count of Maine, Guise, Mortain, etc. succeeded his uncle René in Provence (1480).






--- 1481-1495

King of France;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, & Adjacent Lands;

@ Replaced:

- [1481] Jerusalem, Aragon, both Sicilies, Maine, Guise, Mortain, Gien, ... with France
King Louis XI of France succeeded Charles of Anjou, Count of Maine, Guise, etc. in Provence (1481).

@ Samples:

(Jan 1485, n.s.) [19: années 1906-1907; p.87]
< Charles (+1498), King of France (Charles VIII) 1483, of Naples 1495; Count of Provence 1483 >
Charles, par la grace de Dieu, Roi de France,
Comte de Provence, de Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(June 1491) [3: p.78; Doc.# XXXIX]
Charles, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France,
conte de Prouvence, de Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Apr 1492) [13: tome V; p.460]
Charles, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Nov 1495) [20: p.122; Doc.# 16]
Charles par la grace de Dieu Roy de france,
conte de prouvence forcalquier et terres adjacentes






--- 1495-1498 ( Charles [ as VIII in France ] )

King of France, Sicily, Jerusalem;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, & Adjacent Lands;

@ Samples:

(Oct 1495) [1: tome 2; p.14; Doc.# CCCX]
< Charles (+1498), King of France (Charles VIII) 1483, of Naples 1495; Count of Provence 1483 >
Carolus, Dei gratia Francorum, Sicilie et Jerusalem rex,
comes Provincie, Forcalquieri et terrarum adjacentium

(Jan 1496, n.s.) [21: tome II; p.1378-1379; Doc.# 266]
Charles, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France, de Sicille el de Hierusalem,
conte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(May 1496) [8: tome XXXVIII; # 75; 1899; p.293; Doc.# XIV]
Charles, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France, de Sicille et Jherusalem,
conte de Prouvence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes






--- 1498-1574

King of France;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, & Adjacent Lands;

@ Samples:

(July 1498) [1: tome 2; p.18; Doc.# CCCXIII]
< Louis (+1515), King of France (Louis XII) & Count of Provence 1498 >
Loys, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Nov 1503) [3: p.86; Doc.# XLI]
Loys, par la grace de Dieu roy de France,
conte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Oct 1520) [4: p.155]
< Francis I (+1547), King of France & Count of Provence 1515 >
François, par la grace de Dieu roi de France,
conte de Prouvence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Sep 1547) [2: tome III (Arles); p.906; Doc.# 2114]
< Henry (+1559), King of France (Henry II) & Count of Provence 1547 >
Henry, par la grace de Dieu roy de France,
conte de Provence, Forcalquir et terres adjacentes

< Francis II (+1560), King of France & Count of Provence 1559 >

(May 1573) [3: p.135; Doc.# LXVI]
< Charles (+1574), King of France (Charles IX) & Count of Provence 1560 >
Charles, par la grace de Dieu roy de France,
conte de Prouvence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes






--- 1574-1589 ( Henry [ as III in France ] )

King of France, Poland;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, & Adjacent Lands;

@ Added:

- [1574] Poland
Henry (+1589), who had been elected King of Poland since 1573, succeeded his brother Charles in France and Provence (1574).

@ Samples:

(Dec 1574) [4: p.159]
< Henry (+1589), King of Poland [1573-1574], of France (Henry III ) 1574; Count of Provence 1574 >
Henry, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Polongne,
conte de Prouvence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(June 1578) [3: p.140; Doc.# LXIX]
Henry, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Polongne,
conte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Oct 1585) [9: tome 5; p.617; Doc.# I]
Henry, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Poulogne,
conte de Prouvence, Forcalquier et terres adjasentes

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Apr 1586) [9: tome 5; p.622-623; Doc.# IV]
< Henry of Angoulême (+1586), Grand Prieur of France; Governor of Provence; a illegitimate son of Henry II, King of France, by Jane Stewart, >
nous Henry d'Angoulesme, grand-prieur de France,
gouverneur et lieutenent general pour le Roy au pays et conté de Prouvence et
admirail des mers de Levent






--- 1589-1789

King of France, Navarra;
Count of Provence, Forcalquier, & Adjacent Lands;

@ Replaced:

- [1589] Poland with Navarra
Henry of Bourbon (+1610), King of Navarra, succeeded his distant relative Henry of Valois in France and Provence (1589).

@ Samples:

(Sep 1609) [3: p.166; Doc.# LXXXIV]
< Henry (+1610), King of Navarra (Henry III) 1572; of France (Henry IV) 1589; Count of Provence 1589 >
Henry, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Apr 1613) [3: p.154; Doc.# LXXVI]
< Louis (+1643), King of France (Louis XIII) & Count of Provence 1610 >
Louis, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(May 1653) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.669; Doc.# 1068]
< Louis (+1715), King of France (Louis XIV) & Count of Provence 1643 >
Louis, par la grace de Dieu roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forc. et terres adjacentes

(Nov 1691) [3: p.162; Doc.# LXXXI]
Louis, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Dec 1723) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.659; Doc.# 1056]
< Louis (+1774), King of France (Louis XV) & Count of Provence 1715 >
Louis, par la grace de Dieu roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes

(Mar 1789) [3: p.164; Doc.# LXXXIII]
< Louis (+1793), King of France (Louis XVI) [1774-1792]; Count of Provence [1774-1789] >
Louis, par la grace de Dieu, roy de France et de Navarre,
comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes









Appendix 1. The Margraviate of Provence

Overview.

In 1125, Alphonse "the Jordan" (+148), Count of Toulouse, signed a treaty whereby his family's traditional claim to the title of "Margrave of Provence" was recognized and the Margraviate of Provence was defined as the region North of the lower Durance and on the right of the Rhône, including the castles of Beaucaire, Valabrègue, and Argence. The region between the Durance, the Rhône, the Alps, and the sea was that of the County and belonged to the House of Barcelona. Avignon, Pont de Sorgues, Caumont and Thor remained undivided.


@ Samples:

(1125) [14: p.59; Doc.# LV]
< Dulcia I of Gevaudun (+1127/1130), Countess of Provence; ~1112 Raymund (+1131), Count of Barcelona 1097 >
Raimundus Berengarii, Dei gratia Barchinonensium comes et
Provincialium marchio,
una cum mea uxore Dulcia

(Sep 1150) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.69; Doc.# 148]
< Raymond-Berengar IV "the Saint" (+1162), Count of Barcelona 1131; Margrave of Provence; ~1137 Queen Petronilla I of Aragon (+1174) >
Ego itaque Raimundus Berengarii, gratia Dei comes Barchinonensium,
marchio Provincialium et
princeps Aragonum

(Mar 1167, o.s.) [2: tome III (Arles); p.241; Doc.# 615]
< Alphonse "the Chaste" (+1196), King of Aragon (Alphonse II) 1162; Count of Provence 1167 >
ego Ildefonsus, rex Aragonensis,
comes Barchilonensis et
marchio Provincie

(Feb 1183, n.s.) [2: tome II (Marseille); p.91; Doc.# 182]
< Alphonse "the Chaste" (+1196), King of Aragon (Alphonse II) 1162; Count of Provence 1167; with Sancho (+1225), Count of Provence >
ego Ildefos, Dei gratia rex Aragonensis,
comes Barchinonensis et
marchio Provincie, et
ego Sancius, eadem gratia comes Provincie

(Feb 1195, n.s.) [2: tome III (Arles); p.272; Doc.# 703]
Ego Ildefonsus, rex Aragonensis,
comes Barcilonensis et
marchio Provincie

(June 1241) [2: tome III (Arles); p.412; Doc.# 1060]
< Raymund (+1249), Count of Toulouse (Raymond VII) 1222; Margrave of Provence >
nos R. Dei gratia comes Tholose,
marchio Provincie

(June 1243) [2: tome III (Arles); p.415; Doc.# 1077]
Nos R. D. g. comes Tholose et
marchio Provincie









Appendix 2. Forcalquier

Overview.

In 1193, Gersende (+1218), Countess of Forcalquier, married Count Alphons II of Provence.

@ Samples:

(Jan 1219, o.s.) [14: p.205; Doc.# CLIV]
< Gersende (+1218), Countess of Forcalquier; ~ 1193 Alphonse II (+1209), Count of Provence [1189-1193; 1196-1209]; >
nos, G., Dei gratia comitissa Provincie et Forcalquerii, et
mater et tutrix R.Berengarii, comitis Provincie







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